Category Archives: Personal Identity & Consciousness

Intellectual Life as a Form of Asceticism

What is needed, now as ever, are forms of asceticism, forms of discipline that protect human beings from these pressures [to amass wealth and to struggle for power] and help to preserve the manifestations of human dignity and the forms of community that dignity makes possible. Intellectual life is one such crucial form of asceticism. May it be preserved as such. (Zena Hitz “Freedom and Intellectual Life”

Wise Judgment

A growing consensus among philosophers and cognitive scientists defines wise judgment to include the ability to recognize the limits of one’s knowledge, to be aware of the varied contexts of life and how they may unfold over time, to acknowledge others’ points of view, and to seek reconciliation of opposing viewpoints. (University of Waterloo “Wisdom is a matter of both heart and mind”)

See also the original research article, “A Heart and A Mind: Self-distancing Facilitates the Association Between Heart Rate Variability, and Wise Reasoning,” which includes many other interesting concepts such as:

  • self-distanced vs. self-immersed perspectives
  • egocentric impulses vs. self-distancing
  • dispositional vs. situational attributions
  • wisdom-related reasoning (e.g., prevalence of recognition of limits of one’s knowledge, recognition that the world is in flux/change, consideration of others’ opinions and search for an integration of these opinions)
  • balanced vs. biased attributions (recognition of situational and dispositional factors vs. focus on dispositional factors alone)